Liposuction is a surgical procedure to remove stubborn fat from different parts of the body. Every person is born with a certain amount of fat cells, it depends on hereditary, genetics etc. these fat cells do not multiply throughout life, they can only swell or shrink as you put on or lose weight respectively. Fat can be burnt with exercise and diet control, however there are parts of the body like the tummy, thighs, arms, abdomen etc. where the fat takes a longer time to burn. People seeking immediate results tend to go in for liposuction.Liposuction is also known as lipoplasty, lipectomy or just lipo. There are various methods through which it is carried out. The traditional method involves injecting a mixture of saline water, anaesthetic and adrenalin into the tissue to be liposuctioned, the fat thus melted to a liquid is then separated and removed with a metal probe.
The more sophisticated methods are Laser Assisted Lipo and Radio Frequency Assisted Lipo. These techniques use high frequency energy to melt the fat before it is sucked out. LAL is more expensive than the traditional method and can be used to remove only a limited amount of fat, it prevents sagging of the skin to quite an extent and also helps in clotting, the surgery is less prone to bleeding or leakage of fluids as compared to other procedures. The recovery or healing process is also faster
Post surgery the person is advised to wear compressor or pressure bandages to speed up the healing process and prevent asymmetry or swelling, the recovery period could be as long as 2-3 months; massage of the operated area is advised as it improves blood circulation and helps heal. Liposuction needs the longest recovery period compared to other plastic surgeries and is considered a permanent solution in fat reduction as fat cells do not multiply. However a healthy lifestyle is necessary to maintain the effect.